Kannada department came into existence in the year 1972 with the inception of the college.
Compulsory Paper is offered for all the three Programs B.A/B.Com./ B.Sc. Optional Paper is offered for Art's program only.
The syllabus of Optional Paper is formed in such a way as to develop taste of literature besides developing writing and speaking skills.
Aims and Objectives:
• To develop communication skills • To develop writing skills of prose and poetry
•To develop the National integration among the students. To develop interest about higher education and research
• Students are taken to Historical tour to study different language at different regions
•Organizing national/ state level seminars
•Encouraging to take up higher education and research
•Increasing numbers of ranks and distinctions
• Conducting class seminars
• Organizing special lecturers
• Organizing special lectures by eminent scholars in Kannada language and Literature
Kannada is the mother tongue of students studying in our college. Students can understand the subject better if they learn in their mother tongue Kannada.
Kannada language is studied by the students of B.A, B.Com. and B.Sc. students.
Emphasis is given on the application and integration of knowledge Instead of focusing on coverage of material.
It helps them to improve communication and presentation skills to develop knowledge, attitude and skill of employability, entrepreneurship (Be Job creators than job seekers), research potential and professionally ethical citizens.
The syllabus for graduation is as designed by Rani Channamma University.
Kannada language has the history of thousands of years. The literary work “Kavirajamarga” is a deciding factor in the history of Kannada language.
“HalmidiShasana” of 450 A.C. is the first Shasana in Kannada . In a 700 A.C. Shasana at Badami, Aryabhatta describes himself as too good for good people and too bad for bad people.
Shree Vijaya wrote the well known literary work in 850 A.C. It is believed to be the first Kannada literary work. Here poet describes the extent of Karnataka from Cauvery to Godhavari.
Pampa is described as Adikavi Mahakavi Pampa, Ranna, Ponna, Nagavarma and Chavundaraya are the major poets in Kannada language.
Vachana is a special form of Kannada literature. It started in the twelfth Century under the leadership of Shri Basaveshwara who is popularly known as Basavanna. During this period a Social, Political and Literary revolution took place. The major contributors to Vachana Sahitya are Allamaprabhu, Basavanna, Akkamahadevi, Chennabasavanna,Siddarama and others.
Harihara is famous as Ragale poet in Kannada literature. The life of “Shivasharanaru” is the subject matter of his works. Kuvempu was inspired by Harihara and wrote the epic “ Shree Ramayana Darshanam” .
The poet Raghavanka, the father of “Shatpadi” wrote “Harishchandra”. Other important poets of “Shatpadi” are Chamarasa, Kumaravyasa, Bheemakavi and Lakshmeesha.
The devotional songs are known as ‘Keertane”. NarahariTheertharu, Shripadarayaru, Vyasarayaru, Purandaradasaru and Kanakadasaru are the noted “Keerthanaakararu”
Sarvajna wrote in triplets. He is known as “Tripadi Saarvabhouma”. Akkamahadevi and Nijagunashivayogi also used triplets.
Criticism in modern Kannada literature is influenced by western literature. B.M.Shree, Masthi, DVG, Bendre etc are noted Kannada Laurates.
The periodicals “Prabuddha Karnataka” in old Mysore and “Jaya Karnataka” in North Karnataka supported articles, literature and literary criticism.
Lalithaprabhandagalu were influenced by western literature.”Pullayanaprabhandagalu” by M.G.Venkatesh was published. Bendre, Gokak, Chennamallappa Halasangi, Mugali, Shriranga, Puthina ,D.S.Karki, A.N. Murthy are noted writers.
Other forms of Kannada literature like Biography, Autography, Tourism, Research methods also started to gain importance.
Students learn Kannada grammar, Indian and western kavyameemashe, chchandassu, sangatya, Shatpadi, Alankaragalu. Students study features and forms of poetry. In western kavyameemase, students study Aristotle, Plato, Longinus.
The first prose in Kannada is “Vaddharadhane”by Shivakotyacharya and “Ramashwamedhada” by Muddanna. Later on, many prose works were published.
Short stories were translated to Kannada in Hosagannada. Such important works are “English Geethegalu” by B.M.Shri and “Baro Basantada Kanda” by S.G.Narasimhacharya. Bendre, Kuvempu, T.N. Shrikanthaiah, K.S.Narasimhaswamy etc. also contributed.
The first Kannada Novel was “Madiddunno Maraya” by M.S.Puttannanavar. Other works of novel are , “Kanuru Subbamma Heggadathi” by Kuvempu, Malegalalli Madumagalu, Galaganath, Sandhyaraga by Anakru, “Maralimannige” by Karanth.
Short stories in Modern Kannada gained importance by Maasthi Venkatesh Aiyyangar. His first short story is “ Rangappana Maduve”. Maasthi has written more than 60 short stories. Major short story writers are A.R.Krishnashastrigalu, Bendre, Anandakanda, Devudu Narasimha, Triveni etc.
Professional stage artists like Churumuri Sheshagirirayaru, Bellaave Narahari Shastrigalu are noted play writers. Initially plays were translated from other languages. 6 Sanskrit plays were translated by Basappa Shastrigalu, Shakespeare’s plays were translated by M.L.Shrikanthegouda, Gundo Krishna, Churumari Sheshagirirayaru. The modern noted play writers are Bendre, Kuvempu, Chandrashekhar Kambar.
Many Kannada students get qualified for U.P.S.C and State/Central Administrative Services like IAS, KAS, LIC, Bank etc.
Students will have overall personality development and acquire skills for profession.
The study of Kannada grammar helps students to improve vocabulary. They develop skills to write short stories, novels and poems.
Students develop knowledge, attitude and skill of employability, entrepreneurship and research potential.
||Dr.Parvati S Choukimath
||Dr.S I Bhandari